Common Pests

Managing sugarcane pests by using an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach relies on good farm management practices. These include timely agronomic practices such as effective weed-control programs; managing adjacent areas that harbour pests; using fallows and break-crops; harvesting practices that minimise billet loss; and applying insecticides strategically.

There are a number of common insect and animal pests found in Australia. Potential incursions of exotic pests not currently found in Australia also pose an ongoing threat.

Insect pests
Most insect damage is caused by insect larva with some adult insects, such as linear bugs, crickets and grasshoppers, causing only limited damage.

Leaf and stem feeders include:

Armyworms and loopers
Sugarcane planthoppers and sugarcane froghoppers
Linear bugs
Mealybugs
Aphids
Scale insects
Locusts.
Stem-only feeders include:

Cane weevil borers
Termites.
Shoot feeders attack either the ‘eye’ of billets or young shoots and include:

Wireworms
Black beetles
Rhyparida beetles
Weevils
Large moth borers
Ratoon shootborers
Bud moths
Crickets
Mites.